The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published its report on the safety of caffeine. EFSA concludes that single doses of caffeine up to 200-milligrams and daily intakes of up to 400-milligrams do not raise safety concerns for adults in Europe. The study found that moderate caffeine consumption, of up to 5 cups of coffee per day, can be enjoyed as part of a healthy balanced diet and an active lifestyle. EPSA found that for pregnant women, caffeine intakes of up to 200-milligrams a day were considered safe for the foetus. Overall, the research indicates that coffee consumed in moderation, typically 3 – 5 cups per day, had positive effects on both mental performance and physical endurance. The Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee (ISIC) has welcomed the EFSA’s findings, which it says supports its position on the science of coffee, caffeine and health. ISIC said the body of scientific research also suggests that moderate lifelong coffee consumption may reduce the risk of neurodegenerative conditions, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease, type 2 diabetes and a range of liver diseases.