Nicaragua’s government has approved an increase in the nation’s Robusta crop after two consecutive years of drought. The government’s decision is an attempt to help the nation’s industry adapt to the tougher growing conditions for Arabica as the climate changes. Robusta is known to be sturdier in the face of drought, as well as being more resistant to disease, quicker to produce fruit and able to grow at lower altitudes than its more sought-after cousin. The Nicaragua government regulates the amount of Robusta grown in the country in an effort to preserve the nation’s reputation as a producer of Arabica. Coffee exports are worth US$400 million per year to Nicaragua, making it the nation’s second largest export. The government has approved Robusta production in the Pacific region of the country, but has stipulated that these crops must be at least 30 kilometres away from Arabica plantations. It is estimated that Robusta currently accounts for about 2 per cent of Nicaragua’s total crop.